Urinary Tract Infections

The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urinary tract infections are one of the most common bacterial health conditions that affect millions of people every year, regardless of age. Women are especially prone to getting UTIs.

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Woman are most likely to get UTIs

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Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial conditions.

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While a family physician can treat most basic UTIs, there are important benefits in seeking out a urologist.

Additional Information

Causes

Most UTIs arise from bacteria that normally live in the colon and rectum, and are present in bowel movements. These bacteria cling to the opening of the urethra, begin to multiply, from the bladder to the outside of the body

Symptoms

A urinary tract infection (UTI) may have one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Pain or burning during urination
  • A strong urge to urinate (sometimes without passing much urine)
  • Cloudy or bad-smelling urine, or urine that is pink or red (a sign of blood in urine)
  • Pain in the lower belly, in the pelvis (for women), or in the rectum (for men)
  • Pain on one side of the back under the ribs (where kidneys are located)
  • Fever and chills
  • Nausea and vomiting

Procedure & Treatment

Specific treatment for UTIs will be determined by your physician based on:

  • Your age, overall health, and medical history
  • Extent of the disease
  • Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • Expectations for the course of the disease
  • Your opinion or preference

Treatment may include:

  • Antibacterial medications
  • Other medications and/or a heating pad to relieve pain
  • Behavior modifications such as drinking plenty of water, avoiding caffeine, stop smoking, and more.
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