Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse happens when the muscles and tissues supporting the pelvic organs (the uterus, bladder, or rectum) become weak or loose. This allows one or more of the pelvic organs to drop or press into or out of the vagina which causes pain and other problems.


Pelvic organ prolapse doesn't usually present such a big health problem or concern. In some cases, it gets better on its own


Treatment of pelvic organ prolapse depends on how severe the symptoms are.

Additional Information

Causes & Risk Factors

A number of things can weaken your pelvic floor and increase your chance of developing pelvic organ prolapse.

These include:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Aging
  • Being overweight
  • Family history
  • Having a long-term health condition that causes you to cough and strain
  • A job that requires a lot of heavy lifting


Symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse include:

  • Feeling pressure from pelvic organs pressing against the vaginal wall. This is the most common symptom.
  • Feeling very full in your lower belly.
  • Feeling as if something is falling out of your vagina.
  • Feeling a pull or stretch in your groin area or pain in your lower back.
  • Releasing urine without meaning to (incontinence), or needing to urinate a lot.
  • Having pain in your vagina during sex.
  • Having problems with your bowels, such as constipation.


If you do not have any symptoms, or you do but its not bothering you, you may not need medical treatment.

But making some lifestyle changes will probably still help.

These include:

  • losing weight if you’re overweight
  • avoiding heavy lifting
  • preventing or treating constipation

If symptoms are affecting your daily life, there are several further treatment options to consider.

These include:

  • pelvic floor exercises
  • hormone treatment
  • vaginal pessaries
  • surgery
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