When a couple struggles to conceive a child, male infertility usually is the problem about half of the time. Male infertility means not producing healthy sperm that results in pregnancy when you’re having unprotected sex with a fertile woman regularly for a year or more. Fortunately, male infertility can be treated by a urologist with surgery and medication.
Male infertility can be due to genetic, developmental or exposure factors.
Male infertility is a common condition, and typically very treatable.
The goal of the evaluation is to identify and correct any reversible causes.
Causes & Risk Factors
Many factors can cause male infertility, which can include but not limited to:
- Exposure to toxic substances, chemotherapy, or radiation
- Physical problems with your testicles
- Infections and/or high fever
- Prostate surgery
- Low sperm production
- Frequent alcohol and drug use
- Testicular cancer
- Ejaculatory disturbances
- Genetic or chromosomal conditions
Because evaluations of men tend to be noninvasive and simpler than those of women, the male partner should undergo one first. This evaluation includes a complete history and physical examination, as well as other tests, such as:
- Urinalysis: To read protein and sugar levels. Abnormal measurements of these substances can indicate diabetes or kidney disease.
- Semen analysis: Measures the amount of semen produced and the number and quality of sperm.
- Blood tests: To gauge hormone levels if the results of a semen analysis are abnormal.
- Testicular biopsy: a surgical procedure that involves removing small tissue samples and examining them under a microscope to determine if cancer is present.
The treatment of male infertility falls into three main categories:
- Medication – A small percentage of men will have problems that can be treated with medication only.
- Surgery – Many patients who are infertile can get treated with effective surgery options available.
- Assisted Reproduction Techniques – This is usually done in conjunction with a gynecologist or reproductive endocrinologist.
What You Can Expect
Dr Dhanjee frequently sees patients who are experiencing reduced male fertility and are looking for help in starting or building their families. You will receive a thorough diagnostic examination and receive clinically-proven treatment by Dr. Dhanjee with the most advanced and comprehensive care available.