Interstitial cystitis is a chronic bladder condition causing bladder pressure and bladder pain in the bladder and pelvic area. The pain ranges from mild discomfort to severe pain. The condition is a part of a spectrum of diseases known as painful bladder syndrome.
Although there's no cure, medications and other therapies may offer relief
The symptoms will often come and go in phases. You may have episodes lasting days, weeks or months where your symptoms improve, followed by times when they're worse.
Causes & Risk Factors
The exact cause of interstitial cystitis isn’t yet known, but it’s likely that many factors contribute
These factors are associated with a higher risk of interstitial cystitis:
Your sex. Women are diagnosed with interstitial cystitis more often than men.
Your age. Most people with interstitial cystitis are diagnosed during their 30s or older.
Having a chronic pain or nerve disorder.
The symptoms will often come and go in phases. You may have episodes lasting days, weeks or months where your symptoms improve, followed by times when they’re worse. The main symptoms of interstitial cystitis are:
- Intense pelvic pain
- The frequent and urgent need to urinate
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Symptoms in women may get worse during your period.
Although Interstitial Cystitis cannot be cured, there are many ways to manage symptoms so you can find relief. Urologists work relieving symptoms in each person on an individual basis.
Your plan may include:
- lifestyle changes
- bladder training
- physical therapy
- bladder procedures
Some treatments may work better for you than others. You also may need to use a combination of these treatments to relieve your symptoms.